Benito Mussolini made use of Darwinist claims and concepts set Italy on imperialist and Fascist foundations in the same way that Hitler determined his policy by employing Darwinism.
Mussolini was a thorough Darwinist, who believed that violence had been a propelling force in history and that war led to revolution. For him, “the reluctance of England to engage in war only proved the evolutionary decadence of the British Empire.”
At the head of the magazine The People of Italy (Il Popolo d’Italia), which he founded with financial assistance from the French government, he put the phrase, “He who has iron will also have bread.” In other words he was telling the people that in order to be able to fill their stomachs they needed the power to wage war. Mussolini chose the axe as the symbol of Fascism and the Fascist Party. Because the axe was the symbol of war, violence, death, and massacre.
Mussolini’s conduct, aggressive and prone to violence like every Fascist, is described in Denis Mack Smith’s book. In his book, Smith stated that one of Mussolini’s unchanging beliefs was aggression and his fundamental instinct was to resort to violence.
The Fascist Franco and the Oppression: He Gave Rise to in Spain
Another of the Fascist oppressors who turned the 20th century into a lake of blood was Franco. He organised the “Falange” movement in Spain with the support of the Darwinist Fascists Hitler and Mussolini, and brought great suffering and oppression to the people of Spain. Franco dragged his people into civil war, turning brother against brother, father against son.
During the Spanish Civil War an average of 250 people a day were killed in Madrid, 150 in Barcelona, and 80 in Seville. Some executions were carried out by driving nails into peoples’ heads. Pitiless massacres took place all over the country. In a little mountain village to the north of Madrid, for example, 31 villagers were arrested because they had not voted for Franco, and of these 13 were taken out of the village by lorry and killed by the side of the road. The Fascists entered a town with a population of 11,000 near Seville and killed more than 300 people. As a result of the violent events which went on in this way some 800,000 people were killed in the civil war, and 200,000 more executed by order of Franco. Millions were injured or crippled.
The greatest supporters of the Fascist Franco in the Civil War were Hitler and Mussolini. Franco did not leave his allies’ support unrewarded: he made one of the cruelest and most ruthless agreements in history, giving small towns such as Guernica to the Nazis as a gift for them to test their new weapons on.
On the morning of May 5, 1937, the people of the small town of Guernica awoke to the death brought by giant bomber planes and tons of bombs, the new miracles of Nazi technology. The little town had been abandoned by Franco to the Nazi plane tests. Robert E. D. Clark, “Darwin: Before and After”, London: Paternoster Press, 1948, p. 115, cited in Henry M. Morris, “The Long War Against God”, Baker Book House, 1989, p. 81
John P. Diggins, “Mussolini and Fascism”, Princeton University Press, 1972, p. 15